Jaipur is India’s one of the most popular tourist destination. Every year thousands of tourists visit this beautiful city. Jaipur is the capital city of Indian state Rajasthan. Jaipur is also known as the “Pink City”. There are many places in Jaipur which make your trip memorable. Today I am writing about one of them which is known as “Jantar Mantar”.
Jantar Mantar Historical Information
Jantar Mantar Of Jaipur is one of the oldest observatories in India. This observatory was constructed between 1724-1734 by Rajput king Sawai Jai Singh II. The actual construction work started in the year 1728. Before that, Sawai Jai Singh had collected all the astronomy related documents. Many people knew him as a founder of “Pink City Jaipur”. But he was an astronomical scientist also. It took 6 years to complete the construction of this unique historic monument. Sawai Jai Singh II had developed 5 observatories in different cities of India like Jaipur, Delhi, Ujjain, Banaras, and Mathura. Jantar Mantar of Jaipur is the largest among all five observatories.
On 1st August 2010, UNESCO announced to include Jantar Mantar of Jaipur in “World Heritage List”. This historical architecture was the Rajasthan’s 1st place which got listed on “World Heritage List”.
There are many astronomical instruments present in Jantar Mantar campus. Some of them are as follows:
“Emperor Instrument”: This 90 feet tall instrument is the largest instrument among all. This instrument was established for the study of planet and time knowledge.
“Directional Instrument”: This instrument was built at the center of “Jantar Mantar”. As the name suggests this is used to know directions.
“Rama Instrument”: This instrument is present in the western part of this campus. This is used to know Important celestial calculations.
Nowadays this is one of the most visited tourist places in Jaipur. It remains open on all weekdays. Tourist needs to pay entry fees to view this place. Indian tourist needs to pay Rs. 40 per person while foreigner tourist needs to pay Rs. 200 per person. There is a concession on ticket prices for students. If you are coming by train then Jaipur junction is the nearest railway station and the nearest airport is Jaipur airport. Jaipur is a metro city. Metro services are available here. From Jaipur junction or Jaipur airport, you can take a private or public transport to reach this historic monument.
There are many other tourist attractions which are located near this unique observatory. Palace of Winds, Romantic Palace, City Palace, Amber Fort are the must-visit places. November to February is the best season to visit this place.